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Faculty of Biology, Chemistry & Earth Sciences

Macromolecular Chemistry II – Prof. Dr. Andreas Greiner (Macromolecular Chemistry & Technology) & Prof. Dr. Seema Agarwal (Advanced Sustainable Polymers)

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Hybrid Polymer Electrolyte Encased Cathode Particles Interface-Based Core–Shell Structure for High-Performance Room Temperature All-Solid-State Batteries


Sivaraj Pazhaniswamy, Sagar A. Joshi, Haoqing Hou, Abhilash Karuthedath Parameswaran, Seema Agarwal

Advanced Energy Materials 2022 https://doi.org/10.1002/aenm.202202981

A smooth interfacial contact between electrode and electrolyte, alleviation of dendrite formation, low internal resistance, and preparation of thin electrolyte (<20 µm) are the key challenging tasks in the practical application of Li7La3Zr2O12 (LLZO)-based solid-state batteries (SSBs). This paper develops a unique strategy to reduce interfacial resistance by designing an interface-based core–shell structure via direct integration of Al-LLZO ceramic nanofibers incorporated poly(vinylidene fluoride)/LiTFSI on the surface of a porous cathode electrode (HPEIC). This yields an ultrathin solid polymer electrolyte with a thickness of 7 µm. The integrated HPEIC/Li SSB with LiFePO4/C exhibits an initial specific capacity of 166 mAh g−1 at 0.1 C and 159 mAh g−1 with capacity retention of 100% after 120 cycles at 0.5 C (25 °C). The HPEIC/Li SSB with LiNi0.8Mn0.1Co0.1O2 cathode delivers a good discharge capacity of 134 mAh g−1 after 120 cycles at 0.5 C. The rational design of interface-based core–shell structure outperforms the conventional assembly of solid-state cells using free-standing solid electrolytes in specific capacity, internal resistance, and rate performance. The proposed strategy is simple, cost-effective, robust, and scalable manufacturing, which is essential for the practical applicability of SSBs.

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