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Electrospun nanofiber reinforced composites: a review

S. Jiang, Y. Chen, G. Duan, C. Mei, A. Greiner & S. Agarwal

Polym. Chem., (2018) 9, 2685-2720

Review_Electrospun_nanofibers_composites

This paper provides a comprehensive overview on the properties of electrospun nanofibers and their application as reinforcements in composites. The paper first introduces the remarkable properties of electrospun nanofibers including high aspect ratio and molecular orientation, large specific surface area, small pore size, as well as excellent mechanical performance. Next the fabrication methods for the electrospun nanofiber reinforced composites are described. Then different kinds of electrospun nanofiber reinforced composites are discussed in terms of the classifications of electrospun nanofibers. After that, the influences of the mechanical performance of fibers, fiber diameter, fiber amount, fiber/matrix interfacial interaction and the distribution of fibers in the matrix on the reinforcement of composites are discussed. At the end, the possible future challenges and conclusions for electrospun nanofiber reinforced composites are highlighted.

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New Review coauthored by Shaohua Jiang, Seema Agarwal and Andreas Greiner published in Angewandte Chemie

"Low-density open cellular sponges as functional materials''

DOI: 10.1002/anie.201700684

tcosjiab-ange17

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News 18.07.2018

pH-Responsive Biohybrid Carrier Material for Phenol Decontamination in Wastewater

M. Pretscher, B.A. Pineda-Contreras, P. Kaiser, S. Reich, J. Schöbel, C. Kuttner, R. Freitag, A. Fery, H. Schmalz, S. Agarwal

Biomacromolecules 2018, in print.

pH-reponsive-Biohybrid

Smart polymers are a valuable platform to protect and control the activity of biological agents over a wide range of conditions, such as low pH, by proper encapsulation. Such conditions are present in olive oil mill wastewater with phenol as one of the most problematic constituents. We show that elastic and pH-responsive diblock copolymer fibers are a suitable carrier for Corynebacterium glutamicum, i.e., bacteria which are known for their ability to degrade phenol. Free C. glutamicum does not survive low pH conditions and fails to degrade phenol at low pH conditions. Our tea-bag like biohybrid system, where the pH-responsive diblock copolymer acts as a protecting outer shell for the embedded bacteria, allows phenol degradation even at low pH. Utilizing a two-step encapsulation process, planktonic cells were first encapsulated in poly(vinyl alcohol) to protect the bacteria against the organic solvents used in the second step employing coaxial electrospinning.

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